Dicamba Archives

To keep the Dicamba page current, older Dicamba information is moving off of the front page, and will be stored here.


2018

On July 27, 2017 EPA issued a Compliance Advisory for Dicamba.

April 2018 EPA’s Dicamba FAQs Webpage

*Please scroll down to find information on AAPCO State Survey Results, Registrant Training, State Updates, Laboratory Considerations, Research & Resources, and Articles and Letters.


AAPCO’s State Survey Results

Beginning May 15, 2018, AAPCO will send out a survey to the states listed on the dicamba ott labels every other week.  The survey is intended to gather information related to dicamba use and caseloads.  This information is shared with EPA.  We are posting the first page of the survey results to the website.  The format is an excel workbook, and it will download to your computer.

May 21, 2018 Results

June 2, 2018 Results

June 18, 2018 Results

July 9, 2018 Results

July 16, 2018 Results

July 23, 2018 Results

July 30, 2018 Results

August 6, 2018 Results

August 13, 2018 Results

August 20, 2018 Results

August 30, 2018 Results

September 6, 2018 Results


Comments to EPA from States

AAPCO, August 29, 2018

Office of the Indiana State Chemist, August 29, 2018


Registrant Training

For the 2018 season, the dicamba for soybean and cotton labels have been revised.  Part of the revision is the requirement that applicators take dicamba or auxin specific training.  If the state does not provide the training, the registrants are required to do so.

BASF’s 2018 dicamba training materials

DuPont’s dicamba training:  FeXapan Application Requirements and Stewardship-2018 

Monsanto’s website link which includes their online training calendar and online training module.


BASF’s Inversion Video


State Updates

2018 Summary of State Rules and Section 24(c) Labeling for Dicamba Use on Soybeans

Presented to The Pesticide Stewardship Alliance Conference, February 8, 2018, Carol Black, Washington State University

 States with no additional requirement to what is on the label

  • Illinois
  • Iowa
  • Kansas
  • Kentucky
  • Michigan
  • Nebraska
  • Ohio
  • Pennsylvania
  • South Carolina
  • Virginia

Had existing rules impacting auxin herbicides (2,4-D, dicamba)

  • Several states have existing auxin rules that remain in place that impact dicamba and 2,4-D.

 Registrant Training is Currently Not Approved

  • Arkansas Cooperative Extension – online
  • Alabama Cooperative Extension
  • GeorgiaUniv. Georgia & GDA – Use Pesticides Wisely
  • Indiana – OISC & Purdue University
  • Mississippi Cooperative Extension
  • Missouri Cooperative Extension
  • North Carolina Cooperative Extension

Cut Off Dates

  • Arkansas – April 16
  • Louisiana – April 1 – September 15 for Commercial Applicators – can apply for a waiver
  • Minnesota – June 20
  • Missouri
    • June 1 in the 12 southeast counties
    • July 15 all other counties
  • North Dakota – June 30 or after the first bloom (whichever comes first)
  • TennesseeJuly 15 requires a hooded sprayer

 Cut Off Temperatures

  • 85°F at time or if National Weather Service (NWS) forecast 85°F for the day
  • Minnesota
  • North Dakota

 Application Time Restrictions

  • Missouri – Cannot apply – before 7:30 am or after 5:30 pm
  • North Dakota – Can apply – One hour after sunrise to one hour before sunset
  • Tennessee – Can apply between 9:00 am and 4:00 pm

 Other

  • Louisiana
    • LDAF-approved training required for “seller, purchasers, and applicator”
  • Minnesota
    • No “under the supervision” applications for any RUP – existing rule
  • Missouri
    • Online dicamba “Notice of Application” daily prior to each application
  • North Dakota
    • Sprayer speed limit of 12 MPH
    • No 80-degree or narrower spray nozzles
  • North Carolina
    • Do not apply when wind is blowing toward adjacent sensitive crops: Including: tobacco, grapes, watermelon, sweet potato, peanut, pepper, beans, NDT cotton, NDT soybeans – was in 2017
  • South Dakota
    • Engenia – buffers based on application rate/product
    • Minimum 10 GPA delivery
    • All dicamba formulations are state RUP

Alabama

Alabama is requiring training for all dicamba and 2,4-D uses on dicamba and 2,4-D tolerant crops, through 24(c) registrations, as well as a wind speed restriction up to 10 mph.  See their guide here.

Alabamba’s Dicamba Training page

Arkansas

Arkansas’ Dicamba Updates webpage

Florida

Florida has an Organo-Auxin rule in place, which restricts many uses of auxin herbicides.

Georgia

Georgia’s Auxin Training webpage

Illinois

Illinois’ Dicamba Training page

Indiana

Indiana has an extensive Dicamba resources page that includes details about the state RUP status of the products, as well as tank mix cleaning, reporting damage and other topics.

Indiana’s Office of the State Chemist has developed training for compliance with the 2018 label.

Minnesota

Minnesota has created a dicamba page and a 2017 online survey is being compiled: www.mda.state.mn.us/dicamba.

Mississippi

Mississippi’s 2018 How to Comply

Mississippi’s Dicamba Training page

Missouri

See their Dicamba Facts webpage.

North Carolina

North Carolina’s Auxin Resources webpage

North Dakota

North Dakota state specific protocols are online.

South Dakota

South Dakota’s Dicamba webpage

article on SD and dicamba

Tennessee

Tennessee’s Dicamba Resources

Tennessee’s Dicamba Training page


AAPCO’s State Dicamba Survey, November 2017:  All Survey responses and All Survey data.

Updated maps of enforcement numbers as of October 4, 2017.  Thank you to VDACS for the maps!


Laboratory Considerations

USEPA is offering Laboratory Assistance to States for Dicamba Analysis

This guidance document is to be used by states that may be in need of assistance with dicamba laboratory analysis. Be aware that the guidance requires the request for assistance come through the EPA regional office.

This addendum to the guidance document clarifies which sample seals, and other forms, should be used on the submitted samples.


Provided by EPA Headquarters:

“We have been told that the EPA lab is telling regional labs that to recover dicamba in resistant crops like cotton and soybeans you need to test down to the 1 ppb level. Can you confirm this information?”

Note, that because dicamba breaks down quickly and completely to DCSA, it is recommended that for dicamba-resistant crops, testing for DCSA be performed in addition to dicamba.

Based on field and laboratory studies for dicamba resistant crops, dicamba breaks down quickly (within hours) into metabolite DCSA.  Therefore, residue of dicamba on those crops will be minimal (estimated to be in low ppb level based on a 1 lb ai/A application rate) during the first day or so after application, and non-existing afterwards.  So if you are looking for dicamba in dicamba resistant crops, sampling of those crops must be done no later than a day or 2 after application, and yes, you need to go down to at least to 5 ppb level or below for LOQ (2 ppb or below for LOD).  Otherwise, look for DCSA.  This metabolite is more persistent and can still be detected in samples that were collected a month or so after application.

As for “Is there any difference when testing if it is a low-volatility formulation or the old suspected of the crop damage”, the answer is “no.”

If you need additional technical information, please contact Thuy or Yaorong.

Thuy Nguyen nguyen.thuy@epa.gov 410-305-2905 or Yaorong Qian qian.yaorong@epa.gov 410-305-2626

Dicamba and Degradates Residue Analysis – Presentation given to the SFIREG Joint Working Committees in April 2017 by Thuy Nguyen


South Dakota Ag Labs can provide Dicamba and DCSA testing to 1ppb LOQ.  Their turn around time is 7-10 days.  The cost is $162. and can do a screen of the PGRs for $212 (13 analytes).  They are working on the 5-OH Dicamba method and awaiting receipt of the standard to perform that method as well.

For more information contact:

Regina L. Wixon, Ph.D.
Director
South Dakota Agricultural Laboratories
1006 32nd Ave. Suite 105
Brookings, SD 57006
Ph 605-692-7325
Fax 605-692-7326
www.sdaglabs.com


Research and Resources

This is not exhaustive, and many states are doing research related to what is occuring with dicamba systems.  Some materials we have been provided are below.

AAPCO’s Annual Spring Meeting Dicamba Session PowerPoints:

Dicamba – Baris

Dicamba – Witten- Monsanto requested that we not post their presentation online as the numbers presented are dynamic.  Please contact registration.state@monsanto.com for information on the presentation.

Dicamba – Westberg

Dicamba – BASF Inversion Video

Dicamba – Ikley

Dicamba – Scott


North Carolina’s Auxin Record Keeping Manual

PowerPoint presentation for EPA summarizing several research efforts from State Extension programs, July 28, 2017.

Purdue: 2013 Weed Science paper on soybean yield and dicamba exposure, and August 2017 newsletter on the same topic.

University of Missouri:

Updated Dicamba complaint map, September 15, 2017


2017

Arkansas also has mandatory Dicamba training to use the products in state.

Monsanto petition to Arkansas State Plant Board, September 2017

Comments received by the ASPB on the Monsanto Petition

Comments on the Monsanto Petition by the Center for Food Safety


Mississippi has classified all dicamba products for use in dicamba-tolerant systems as Restricted Use, has a 10mph wind speed restriction, and requires training prior to purchase of the products.


Alabama is requiring training for all dicamba and 2,4-D uses on dicamba and 2,4-D tolerant crops, through 24(c) registrations, as well as a wind speed restriction up to 10 mph.  See their guide here.


Articles and Letters

Although this section includes public outreach by 2 registrants requesting that complainants contact them directly, AAPCO strongly asserts that producers should contact their own state pesticide program when there are issues related to dicamba damage.  It is important for the scope and scale of the issue to be fully understood by the state lead agencies, who have the authority and responsibility of managing pesticide use.   Please see the Control Officials for contact information for state reporting.  AAPCO also encourages the registrants to report issues to EPA and the states when they are investigating complaints.

New York Times article on dicamba damage, November 1, 2017

NPR article: Monsanto and the Weed Scientists-Not a love story, October 28, 2017

American Soybean Association, ASA Steps up Urgency in Search for Answers on Dicamba Damage, September 25, 2017

How often could growers legally spray Dicamba in 2017? DTN, September 15, 2017

Monsanto petition to Arkansas State Plant Board, September 2017

Comments received by the ASPB on the Monsanto Petition

Monsanto letter to AR Gov. Hutchinson, September 7, 2017

Successful Farming at agriculture.com, September 11, 2018  Monsanto Critisizes AR Weed Scientists

Washington Post, August 29, 2017

UPI, August 25, 2017 Letter regarding laboratory testing of glufosinate products

Arkansas Online, August 18, 2017 Dicamba Task Force 

Agweb, August 10, 2017 MO Dicamba Complaints Continue After Label Change

Reuters August 9, 2017

Monsanto Open Letter to Farmers in Crop Life News August 3, 2017

UPI Letter July 25, 2017

BASF Press Release  July 19, 2017

Wall Street Journal July 11, 2017